Automatic Background Suppression
HCR™ probes and amplifiers combine to provide automatic background suppression throughout the protocol, ensuring that reagents will not generate amplified background even if they bind non-specifically within the sample.
Enhanced Performance and Ease-of-Use
Automatic background suppression dramatically enhances performance (signal-to-background and quantitative precision) and ease-of-use (no probe set optimization for new targets and organisms).
Automatic Background Suppression: How It Works
HCR™ Probe Set
An HCR™ probe set comprises multiple probe pairs that hybridize to different subsequences along the RNA target. Initiator i1 is split between each pair of probes such that only probe pairs that hybridize specifically to the target RNA colocalize the full initiator i1. Probes that bind non-specifically do not colocalize full initiator i1 and do not trigger amplification.
An HCR™ amplifier comprises metastable fluorescent hairpins h1 and h2. Specifically bound probe pairs that colocalize full initiator i1 trigger growth of a tethered fluorescent amplification polymer. Hairpins that bind non-specifically are kinetically trapped and do not trigger amplification.
Quantitative RNA Analysis Modes
Automatic background suppression enhances performance and ease-of-use for four quantitative RNA analysis modes:
Subcellular Quantitative RNA Imaging
Subcellular RNA imaging enables analog RNA relative quantitation with subcellular resolution in the anatomical context of thick autofluorescent samples.
Single-Molecule Quantitative RNA Imaging
Single-molecule RNA imaging enables digital RNA absolute quantitation with single-molecule resolution in the anatomical context of thick autofluorescent samples.
Quantitative RNA Flow Cytometry
HCR™ RNA flow cytometry enables analog RNA relative quantitation for high-throughput expression profiling of mammalian cells and bacteria.
Quantitative Northern Blots
HCR™ northern blots enable simultaneous quantification of RNA target size and abundance.